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In-situ Aircraft Observation

@Aircraft are suitable platforms for in-situ measurements of the microphysical, thermodynamic and kinematic properties of clouds and precipitation. They can cover a wide range of vertical and horizontal distances along flight tracks over relatively short time periods and provide data on microscale through mesoscale structures of the atmosphere, including clouds and precipitation.

@Since the late 1980s, MRI has conducted aircraft observation to determine the meteorological (including three components of wind speed) and microphysical properties of various kinds of clouds and precipitation. In 2001, the Institute installed an in-situ/remote sensing observation system on board a mid-sized jet airplane in collaboration with other research organizations, thereby enabling efficient microphysical, thermodynamic and kinematic measurement of microscale through mesoscale phenomena. In 2008, MRI began measuring aerosol physico-chemical properties, including CCN and IN concentrations, in addition to meteorological and cloud microphysical properties.

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